The Unified Social Assistance System (SUAS) is a government-run system that organizes and funds, since 2005, social assistance services in Brazil based on a participatory and decentralized management model. The system aims to guarantee social protection for families and individuals in a situation of vulnerability or social risk, through the provision of services, programs, projects and social assistance benefits.
The specific objectives are:
1° Ensure access to income by the population living in poverty or extreme poverty, and by elderly people and people with disabilities who are unable to maintain themselves or be maintained by their families;
2º Provide support for preventing and overcoming weaknesses in family, social and community relationships as the result of situations involving the abuse of rights, such as violence, neglect and abandonment;
3º Provide protection in situations of extreme risk such as public calamities;
4º Offer refuge to people who are temporarily or permanently homeless;
5º Assist people benefiting from the SUAS services to access other services provided under other sectoral policies, by establishing partnerships and taking joint initiatives;
6º Mobilize and sensitize communities.
The target audience are individuals and families in a situation of vulnerability and social risk.
The Continuous Welfare Benefit (BPC) and the Child Labor Eradication Program (Peti) are part of Brazil’s National Social Assistance Policy. The BPC is an individual benefit, and is not for life and is non-transferable. To be eligible for the benefit, it is not necessary for a person to have contributed to the country’s Social Security system. It was established as a citizen’s right within Brazil’s social security architecture in order to provide income security for people in the population with no means of supporting themselves.
The Peti involves cash transfers, social work with families, and the provision of socio-educational services for children and adolescents in a child labor situation.
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